写于:2015-06-01		最近一次更新:2016-03-02

Trouble:

无法启动android模拟器,提示 XDM authorization key matches an existing client! SDL init failure, reason is: No available video device

Oneway:

打开电脑的 Terminal 终端, 以当前图形界面用户的身份执行命令 xhost localhost 即可,如果想实现登录后自动执行这个命令,可以做以下操作 点开 Applicantions Menu -> Settings -> Session and Startup 在打开的选项中点击 Application Autostart 然后点击左下方的 Add 按钮, 设置Name的值为:xhost localhost 设置Description的值为:xhost localhost 设置Command的值为:xhost localhost 点击OK,点击Close,即可

Trouble:

无法启动android模拟器,提示 emulator: ERROR: x86 emulation currently requires hardware acceleration! Please ensure KVM is properly installed and usable. CPU acceleration status: This user doesn't have permissions to use KVM (/dev/kvm). 或者提示 emulator: ERROR: x86 emulation currently requires hardware acceleration! Please ensure KVM is properly installed and usable. CPU acceleration status: Could not open /dev/kvm :Permission denied

Oneway:

使用 root 权限执行以下三条命令后注销当前用户或者直接重启电脑即可 (本例子中当前登录图形界面的用户是 sman) groupadd kvm usermod -G kvm -a sman echo 'KERNEL=="kvm",GROUP="kvm",MODE="0660"' >> /etc/udev/rules.d/androidUseKVM.rules 这三条命令的作用分别是: #创建用户组kvm #将用户sman添加到kvm用户组 #开机时自动赋予用户组kvm拥有0660的权限

Trouble:

无法启动android模拟器,提示 Android/Sdk/tools/emulator -netdelay none -netspeed full -avd Nexus_5_API_23 libGL error: failed to load driver: i965 libGL error: Try again with LIBGL_DEBUG=verbose for more details. failed to create drawable getGLES1ExtensionString: Could not create GLES 1.x Pbuffer! Failed to obtain GLES 1.x extensions string! Could not initialize emulated framebuffer

Oneway:

根据提示在Terminal中申明环境变量并在Terminal中启动模拟器 export LIBGL_DEBUG=verbose; Android/Sdk/tools/emulator -netdelay none -netspeed full -avd Nexus_5_API_23 得到提示: libGL: OpenDriver: trying /usr/lib64/xorg/modules/dri/i965_dri.so libGL error: failed to open drm device: Permission denied libGL error: failed to load driver: i965 libGL: OpenDriver: trying /usr/lib64/xorg/modules/dri/swrast_dri.so libGL: OpenDriver: trying /usr/lib64/xorg/modules/dri/i965_dri.so libGL error: failed to open drm device: Permission denied libGL error: failed to load driver: i965 libGL: OpenDriver: trying /usr/lib64/xorg/modules/dri/swrast_dri.so failed to create drawable getGLES1ExtensionString: Could not create GLES 1.x Pbuffer! Failed to obtain GLES 1.x extensions string! Could not initialize emulated framebufferSegmentation fault 先解决第一个错误,第一个错误是没有权限使用drm设备 于是使用groups命令检查当前用户是否存在于video用户组 [sman@mnxnm:~]$ groups users plugdev vboxusers kvm 可以看到sman不属于video用户组 于是使用root权限将当前用户sman添加到video用户组 root@mnxnm:~# usermod -G video -a sman 注销当前用户再重新登录(必须重新登录,否则用户组改动不会生效) 登录后确认sman是否成功加入video用户组 [sman@mnxnm:~]$ groups users video plugdev vboxusers kvm 可以看到sman成功加入video用户组 再启动Android studio,再通过Android Virtual Device Manager启动模拟器 看看错误有没有消除 如果提示NAND: could not write file /tmp/android-sman/emulator-7UY28S, File exists 则 rm /tmp/android-sman/emulator-* 后再试 OK,成功启动模拟器

Trouble:

android模拟器中DNS解析正常但无法ping通外网

Oneway:

这是正常现象,因为模拟器与PC之间的网络通信是通过TCP端口转发来实现的 而ping是ICMP数据包,没有端口,故模拟器无法将ping请求送出 但是是可以正常浏览网页的 所以不能用ping来测试模拟器是否能够联网,而是用网页浏览器来测试

Trouble:

android模拟器中安装调试apk时出错,提示 Application Installation Failed Installation failed with message INSTALL_FAILED_CONTAINER_ERROR. It is possible that this issue is resolved by uninstalling an existing version of the apk if it is present, and then re-installing. WARNING: Uninstalling will remove the application data! Do you want to uninstall the existing application?

Oneway:

方法一:adb root adb shell rm /mnt/secure/asec/smdl* 方法二:将项目源文件 AndroidManifest.xml 中的 android:installLocation="preferExternal" 修改成 android:installLocation="auto" 即可